german accusative possessive pronouns

I’m going to give you the 3 things you need to know: to whom the noun belongs, and the gender and case of the noun. yours? theirs? But in German, we have 6 ‘root’ (or ‘base’) possessive pronouns that then take little changes (i.e. We need that filler ‘e’! But how do you say ‘that cat is mine’ when you’re in a situation that urgently calls for distinguishing between cats and/or between their pets … er, owners? that matches the gender & case of the noun (e.g. The three things you need to know are these: When you have the answers to these questions, then it’s just a 2-step process to having the correct declension to put on the possessive pronoun: Step 1: Pick out the corresponding ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun that lines up with whoever owns the noun in question — is the pencil mine? We use independent possessive pronouns only after certain expressions requiring genitive (see Declension/Genitive). If you want to express possession (<-- loosely defined) of people, you need to use a possessive determiner: my, your, his, her, our, and their. Knowing which form of ‘you’ to use — informal? As you can see, possessive pronouns are shortcuts that save us from needing to repeat ourselves all the time. ‘ihr/Ihr’ can mean hers, theirs OR Yours [you, formal]’. It will do all the heavy-lifting for you! singular? Good job. are you trying to say mine, yours, his, or ?? Adjectives And The Accusative Case . Again, the benefit of learning declensions this way — where you need to know the formulas & patterns for using it — is that then you are not dependent on being spoon-fed German. ), then you can find the corresponding part on the chart that gives you exactly the possessive pronoun you’re looking for — the declensions are already added on for you. In the following table you … Possessive pronouns are used (when the context is clear) to replace nouns / noun phrases that have a possessive determiner at the start of them: My pencil is red → Mine is red. Like articles and adjectives, pronouns in German vary according to gender and case. Frank likes his dog. You can use a chart like the one above that has everything spelled out for you. ← Yikes. An ‘r’. Now, all that is left is to combine your ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronoun with the declension. Yikes. No, really. Some possessive pronouns have multiple uses — e.g. Now, here is the awesome part: ALL of these points on English possessive pronouns also apply to German possessive pronouns — SWEET! Yes. Since Bleistift is masculine and you know it’s the subject (so, in the nominative case), can you find the right spot on the chart? plural? In fact, this concept of working with formulas & patterns, etc. . Possessivpronomen – Begleiter (Nominativ), Possessivpronomen – Begleiter (Nominativ – 2), Possessivpronomen – Begleiter (Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ), Possessivpronomen – Begleiter (Nominativ, Akkusativ, Dativ – 2), Possessivpronomen – Begleiter (alle Fälle), Possessivpronomen – Ersatz (Nominativ, Akkusativ), Possessivpronomen als Begleiter/Ersatz (Nominativ). Alex is staying with his family while he is studying in Germany for a semester. The chart below provides an overview of the singular and plural forms of dependent possessove pronouns in the nominative, accusative, dative and genitive cases. It’s the how to use a German possessive pronoun that is harder. OK, find the spot on the chart where masculine & accusative intersect: What is the declension listed there? But this time it should be slightly more familiar, as English has kept some of these distinctions too. Independent possessive pronouns replace previously mentioned nouns, they stand on their own in a sentence i.e they are not used together with a noun. We've included them mainly because they give you th… This chart puts the power in your hands and the sky’s the limit! seiner is then the result. Possessive pronouns are used to indicate whoowns / possesses whatever noun (or noun phrase) is being replaced: That crazy cat is my crazy cat → That crazy cat is mine. Maybe you don’t need to talk about cats. The possessive pronounsare the words we use to show possession. If you add the ‘r’ to ‘sein’, you get seinr — does that work or are we forgetting something? Possessive pronouns are nearly identical to possessive determiners (they both have the same ‘roots’), but sometimes take different declensions. Note: this is why the German possessive pronouns above are all listed with dashes at the end — those dashes get replaced with different single-letter declensions (e.g. NOTE: Possessive pronouns are used to indicate possession of non-people! Rather than spelling out each possessive pronoun with each possible declension attached to it, this is a chart of JUST the single-letter declensions (-m, -r, -n, -e, -s) that get added to the ‘root’ / ‘base’ possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns indicate possession. The nominative personal pronouns ich, du, er, sie, es, wir, ihr, sie(English equivalents: I, you, he, she, it, we, y’all, they) are listed across the top. Knowing which meaning of ‘ihr’ is being used — does it mean hers? He soon realizes he's not sure how to do this in German so he takes a lesson on possessive pronouns. Possessive pronouns ALWAYS take the strong declensions (for whatever gender they have & case they are in). A possessive pronoun (mine, yours, his, hers, ours, or theirs) replaces a noun phrase that also has a possessive determiner (e.g. Frank has a dog. Rather than memorizing multiple charts where each possessive pronoun is totally spelled out, it’s better to memorize ONE chart of declensions only and learn how to ‘plug in’ the root possessive pronouns to get the result you need. Maybe you’ve even learned how to say that’s my cat (<– nice job, btw!). declensions) on their tailends. What we need to do in these instances is add a little glue in the form of an ‘e’: meiner, meinen, meinem. Learn about dependent and independent possessive pronouns online with Lingolia. In fact, the only time they don’t need to be added is when the -e declension is listed in the chart (e.g. I’m going to walk you through what you need to in the very next section! Note: the ‘e’ filler/glue for the neuter nominative & accusative is also optional: e.g. feminine & plural, nominative & plural). Here are the personal pronouns in English, which hopefully look familiar: As you can see from the table below, German pronouns are a little more complicated. ANSWER: Ich habe meinen Kuchen aufgegessen. But not The grandma / the baby / the husband … is mine. These added ‘e’s don’t mean anything — they are just filler — but they almost always need to be added between a root/base possessive pronoun & the desired declension. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. There are dependent and independent possessive pronouns in German grammar, both types must agree with their noun in case, gender and number. If so, that’s SPLENDID. As you can see, the use of the accusative of possessive pronouns is pretty straightforward and the follow the rules most of the times. If your goal is to speak fluent German, then this is the chart for you. General rule of thumb: if you have words in English you use frequently, you probably want to learn them in German .

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