The earliest walls served the basic function of defense against minor weapons such as swords and spears and as such construction … Today, bricks are most often used for wall construction, especially as an ornamental outer wall surface. Today, it is one of the strongest and energy efficient wall systems used in residential and commercial construction. Retaining wall contractors in Brooklyn use all the commonly used raw materials for wall building, and the necessity of each material is as follows: Concrete and Lime Mortar: This is suitable for retaining walls … Read about List Of Building Materials With Pictures in Detail.. Read 8 Essential Construction and Building Materials in India before you start this article. As a result, the materials used to build the Great Wall vary from one section of the wall to the next. Brick Defined Officially, the term brick is used to denote a building unit made of shaped clay, but in modern times it is used to refer to any stone- or clay-based building unit that is joined with cementitious mortar when used in construction. When used in buildings, the new building materials for homes provide thermal regulation and create structures that do not rely on HVAC to stay warm. Do You know, materials used in the construction of a road or the materials used in the construction of walls is different? Each material gives it a different level of stability. In this list, You can find the material used in the construction of a building. Construction Materials Stamped Earth and Gravel.