The physico-chemical property of the starch can be exploited for preparing canned food products[303 ]. Cultivated tree in the botanical garden at Howrah, India. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. Due to high demand, the species is about to become endangered, according to the WWF. It is moderate to slow growing, evergreen in wetter areas and dry-season deciduous in drier areas. The heartwood is a dark, reddish brown; the thin band of sapwood whitish. The seedlings are placed in 50 - 60% sunlight and watered twice daily[325 ]. Similar to teak or ipe wood, shorea is a tropical hardwood that is used for many of the same purposes as teak, including garden furniture. Fruit - occasionally eaten[301 ]. The seeds are a source of 'sal butter', an oil that is used in cooking like ghee and as a substitute for cocoa butter in making chocolate[301 ]. The seeds are sown in seedbeds, where they are covered with a mixture of sand and soil (1:1) or with a thin layer of sawdust[325 ]. Depending on the species, shorea trees can reach up to 300 feet in height—that's about as tall as The Statue of Liberty. So, customizing this wood for your specific needs is not a problem. Right plant wrong place. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. This wood is strong enough to withstand water, making it ideal for use in cold climates. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. 4. The leaves are warmed and used as a poultice on areas of the body that are swollen[272 ]. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Lower Risk/least concern. Legend has it that a sal will grow for 100 years, fall down, then lay there intact for an additional 100 years. The wood is resinous and durable, and is sought-after for construction, although not well suited to planing and polishing. ... Seasoning can present problems. Stainton (1972) classified sal forest on Nepal as Terai sal forest and hill sal forest. The wood is used in hydraulic engineering, ships and railway cars, poles, railway ties and posts, interior finishing, agricultural implements, and many other uses. The leaves are widely used for making plates, cups and for wrapping[272 ]. It is hardy to zone (UK) 10. 2. New shorea wood has a nice warm glow with a reddish-tint, and it will fade to a stately silver over time if left untreated, much like teak. * Important announcements and news Common Name: Sal Tree. Shal or Sal (Shorea robusta, family: Dipterocarpaceae) is a large and deciduous robust tree with straight trunk and few branches at the top, usually 20-40 m high. We have no specific information for this species - the information below is a general guide for the genus. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. It is also an important local source of fuel. Shorea robusta. It is extremely gregarious species and is not at all rich in associated species. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. It is readily available in a variety of shapes and sizes. The plant is not self-fertile. A rare plant in China, it is gregarious in savannah woodlands at elevations below 800 metres in south-eastern Xizang[266 ]. Sal Tree, Shorea robusta, is an evergreen tree growing up to 50 m in height with a cylindrical bole that can be unbranched for up to 25 m and up to 200 cm in diameter. Lisa Hallett Taylor is a writer and editor with 12+ years experience covering architecture, landscape design, and do-it-yourself projects. They have a quick effect[272 ]. * Exclusive content not on the website If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. The fruits are occasionally consumed as food. It is extremely gregarious species and is not at all rich in associated species. The seeds are roasted, boiled, or grounded into flour. It is a deciduous species and changes leaves every year. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. The wood is easy to saw, but because of its high resin content, it is difficult to plane and turn; it has a tendency to split when nails are driven into it. This tree provides shelter to many trees, herbs, and shrubs with medicinal value. The wood is an important local source of fuel[272 ]. Due to the presence of Oleoresin, they are used in manufacturing incense sticks for many religious ceremonies. 1. The wood is hard, heavy, very durable and highly resistant to termite attack. Find the perfect shorea robusta stock photo. Like teak and other hardwoods, shorea is resistant to damage from insects, fungus, and moisture decay. While many tropical hardwoods have become endangered due to illegal harvesting, the supply of shorea wood is strictly regulated through reforestation strategies. Some slight checking of the grain can be expected as shorea wood ages due to its reduced elasticity. It prospers most commonly in Indonesia but can also be seen in Malaysia, the Philippines and certain parts of Northern India. The tree is a source of lad dhuna, a whitish, aromatic, transparent resin used to caulk boats and as incense. The wood is easy to saw, but because of its high resin content, it is difficult to plane and turn; it has a tendency to split when nails are driven into it. Natalie Sal tree or Shorea Robusta is a remarkable tree which forms a major portion of many forests in various states of the country. It is native to the Indian Subcontinent and can be found in East Asia where it serves many purposes. The grain is strongly spiralled and rather coarsely structured. It is best to season the wood before using it as this he… They are also applied to the stomach of children with dysentery[272 ]. The resin is also valued medicinally as treatment for dysentery, gonorrhea, boils, and tooth pain. In some places in the Upper Tista forests of the Darjeeling District, large pieces, often 450 - 600 cubic centimetres in size, are found in the ground at the foot of the trees[146 ]. Sal - Shorea robusta - Flora - Tree - Timber - Haryana Online - North India. Shorea is a tropical hardwood found and developed in South East Asia. Light Red Meranti, Engkabang, False Ilipe Nut, Dark red meranti, Light red meranti, Red lauan. Sal forest grows on Terai, bhabar, If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Similar to teak or ipe wood, shorea is a tropical hardwood that is used for many of the same purposes as teak, including garden furniture. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. It does not require pre-treatment, but it is recommended to soak the seed for 12 hours prior to sowing[325 ]. Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available, Bangladesh; Bhutan; China; India; Nepal; Pakistan, Asia, Australia, Burma, Himalayas, India, Myanmar, Northeastern, SE Asia, Sikkim. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. The wood from this tree is durable and is used in many construction industries. QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. 1. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Get daily tips and tricks for making your best home. The plant can survive temperatures down to about -1°c[418 ]. var s = '' The bark is rough and reddish brown. This important Indian hardwood is especially well suited for constructing structures subject to heavy stress in houses etc, it is also used in hydraulic engineering, ships and railway cars, poles, railway ties and posts, simple interior finishing such as window frames and floors, and many other applications[303 ]. 1. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. Rotations of 30 - 40 years are used when coppice regeneration is practised, and 80 - 160 years for high forest regeneration[303 ]. The leaves are used to make organic leaf plates and bowls and also serve as food for cattle . Seedlings can be planted out when 30 - 40cm tall - harden the seedlings off in full sunlight for one month prior to planting[325 ]. The flowers are yellow and small, occurring in large numbers in the axils of the leaves or at the ends of branches. OilOther Uses: When tapped, the tree exudes large quantities of a whitish, aromatic, transparent resin known as 'lal dhuna'.